The term “shin splints” describes pain felt along the front of lower leg, at the shin bone. This pain concentrates in the lower leg between the knee and ankle.Shin splints is a cumulative stress disorder.
The nature of shin splints, also known as medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), most often can be captured in four words: too much, too soon.
In the absence of a more specific diagnosis, shin splints should probably just be called “tibial pain syndrome” — unexplained pain around the tibia.
- An anatomical abnormality (such as flat foot syndrome)
- Muscle weakness in the thighs or buttocks
- Lack of flexibility
- Improper training techniques
- Running downhill
- Running on a slanted surface or uneven terrain
- Running on hard surfaces like concrete
- Using inappropriate or worn-out shoes for running or working out
- Participating in sports that have fast stops and starts (like soccer or downhill skiing)